Top 7 Reasons for Making Infant Formula at Home

For nearly 6 years, Mt. Capra has been helping moms and dads, aunts and uncles, grandparents and other caregivers supply their little ones with the best formula available when breast feeding is unavailable for baby.

Not your typical Infant Formula

This formula doesn’t come in a ready-to-mix can or in a ready-to-drink bottle. What it lacks in convenience, it more than makes up for in overall quality, consistency, and nutritional safety. Over the many years I’ve spent studying infant formulas, I have become more and more convinced that there simply isn’t a way to create a formula in a “ready-to-mix/drink” final form, that is as nutritionally bioavailable, palatable, or resembles breast milk as closely as a carefully researched, properly prepared homemade goat milk infant formula recipe. Continue reading Top 7 Reasons for Making Infant Formula at Home

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. How long will the formula last once in the fridge?

Up to three days. I always recommend doing a sniff/taste test on the third day.

Q. How long can the formula be out of the refrigerator once it is made?

It should be used within an hour.

Q. I want to take the formula with me traveling. What tips do you have for making the formula while “on the road?”

We highly recommend using our Dry Mix Recipe when traveling. All you need is a thermos of hot water and you are good to go.

Q. I want to use liquid/raw goat milk in my formula instead of the powder. How should the recipe be modified?

The ratio is easy ratio to remember: 1:1.

It is a 1:1 ratio of milk to water. 4 ounces milk  to 4 ounces of warm water and everything else in the recipe stays the same.

Warning: I LOVE raw milk. I completely believe that it is superior to pasteurized milk. However, I don’t recommend using raw goat milk in the infant formula for one very important reason. While raw milk can be incredibly healthy, it can also be incredibly dangerous. I am specifically referring to raw milk that has been improperly handled. Dirty raw milk will get you sicker quicker than anything! Babies especially are even more susceptible to kind of food borne illness. Please keep your little one safe. This formula is meant to mimic raw milk (probiotics, food based vitamins/minerals, unprocessed fats, etc.) without the risks that raw milk comes with such as campylobacter, salmonella, e. coli, and listeria poisoning. Consider a basic risk assessment. In my opinion, the cons outweigh the pros in using raw milk.

Q. I want to use this formula for – (insert age here). Can I do this?

Interestingly enough when I first developed this recipe I recommended parents hold off until baby was a few months old. However, we have been constantly updating and improving the formula and have had such overwhelmingly great feedback for all ages between newborn and 1 year that I feel comfortable recommending the formula to all ages. I never get tired of saying this though, keep your doctor in the loop.

Q. My doctor says this will cause metabolic acidosis. Is this true?

This is a common mistake that pediatricians and other healthcare practitioners make when they haven’t fully understood, investigated, or researched the formula carefully. It is also understandable as goat milk by itself is not a good option for infants.
The connection between metabolic acidosis and goat milk only comes when undiluted goat milk is used as the only ingredient. In other words, plain goat milk is fed as the sole nutrient source.
Please see the following links for studies discussing metabolic acidosis here, here, here , and here
You will see that in all of these cases, metabolic acidosis only occurred when undiluted goat milk was used.
This formula recipe contains diluted goat milk and therefore both the protein and chloride levels are at a safe level to be used.
Our Nutrient Database is the perfect resource to give to your healthcare practitioner to show that metabolic acidosis is not a risk with this formula.

Q. Where should I buy all the other ingredients?

Amazon, your local grocery store, etc. are all great places to find the more common ingredients like molasses and oils. If you really want easy you can simply purchase the goat milk formula kit we offer. Total retail value of kit is over $200 and contains all the wholesome ingredients necessary to make the formula at home.

Q. Do we use the multivitamins/probiotics in every bottle we make?

Nope, just one bottle per day.

Q. I thought goat milk was low in folic acid and vitamin b12?

You are right. (good job!) That is why we add the multivitamin drops.

Q. The directions on the milk powder says I should use 2 scoops but your recipe only calls for one. Why is that?

A baby under 12 months old still has developing kidneys. Straight, “full strength” goat milk powder uses two scoops. There is simply too much protein and naturally occurring sodium in that amount of milk powder for the maturing kidney’s of a baby to handle. Therefore we reduce the amount of milk powder to reduce the amount of protein. We then increase the amount of carbohydrates to make up for what we’ve taken out.

Q. Is my baby getting enough iron with this formula?

Yes and here is why. When a baby is born full term they usually have a 6 month supply of iron that they have stored up while still in the womb. Therefore, from 0-6 months, the iron requirement for infants is only .27 mg/day. After six months however, the requirement jumps up to 11 mg for babies between 7 -12 months and then drops back down to 7 mg/day for toddlers 1-3 years of age. (The iron RDA won’t go back up to 11mg/day until your son or daughter is a teenager.) The formula that I created will deliver 0.5mg iron/100 calories of formula. Usually by the time a baby gets to 6 months, they begin eating a variety of solid foods and as long as parents are careful to include iron rich foods (winter squash, sweet potato etc.) along with vitamin C rich fruits and vegetables (vitamin C assists with iron absorption) supplementing with iron drops shouldn’t be necessary. However if you choose to supplement with iron drops remember that often these can cause constipation.

Q. My baby just started the formula and loves it! He seems constipated though. Should I be worried?

I am frequently asked how to handle this issue, and while this document is not meant to be a substitute for medical advice, nor is it a comprehensive list of all treatment options, it does contain some tips that are frequently used to help aid in moving things along.

For a brief time, I recommend the following:

Quadruple the amount of molasses until baby has a big, full diaper (1 to 3 days).

Reduce the amount of molasses by half until baby is pooping the amount, consistency, and frequency that is “normal” for your LO.

Use coconut oil in place of goat milk ghee.

Please keep in mind that bowel movements will vary greatly from one child to another.

If your child is experiencing symptoms such as fever, vomiting, lethargy, not eating well, etc., please contact your health care professional.

Q. I’m using goat milk powder from Meyenberg. Is that okay? Does it change the formula?

Yes this is okay.  Please don’t use the liquid goat milk Meyenberg offers at your local grocery store. It has been ultra-pasteurized (UHT) which gives it a much longer shelf life but drastically decreases the digestibility of the milk. Ultra-pasteurization ultimately makes food a nutritional wasteland.  If UHT goat milk is your only option temporarily, don’t worry, it will get you by in an emergency. As soon as possible though, get a high quality goat milk powder or find a liquid pasteurized variety from a local farmer.

Q. The vitamin powder says 6-12 months but my baby is less than 6 months. What should I do?

Marketing anything for babies under 6 months carries a lot of liability for manufacturers and therefore they are often unwilling to place written recommendation on their labeling that recommends infants less than 6 months use the product. There aren’t any ingredients that would be dangerous for a baby less than 6 months therefore I have no problem giving baby the vitamin powder. As always, keep your doctor in the loop so they can be aware of any special considerations your baby may need.

Q. Another formula I researched contains raw liver, nutritional yeast, acerola powder, egg yolks, beef gelatin, etc. Why don’t you recommend these ingredients?

The formula I’ve created is meant to be a simple wholesome formula that is both affordable, practical, and scientifically/nutritionally sound. The more I have studied these formulas that include such things as raw liver and nutritional yeast (yuck) the more I am convinced that they are lacking in key micronutrients. Regardless, including all those extra ingredients keeps the formula out of reach for most people, including myself, to actually use. Making your own formula out home is already a big commitment although it is not difficult. If it is going to require several extra steps, rely on questionable ingredients, AND still be nutritionally unsound, then I am not much of a fan.

Q. I’m stressing out that I won’t make this formula right. I want it to be perfect for my baby!

I do too! Developing infants need a lot of wholesome nutrition in their first year of life but we sometimes forget how resilient the growing body is to various forms of nutrition. Breast milk alone is obviously the gold standard but the nutritional composition varies wildly from week to week, day to day, and even hour to hour. Therefore don’t stress out about every little microcosm of the formula. If your baby gets a little more oil in a bottle than the recipe calls for, don’t worry about it. Breast milk fat, lactose (carbs), and protein go up and down a lot over the course of the first year of baby’s life. If you forget to add the vitamins, stay calm, it’s not the end of the world. You baby will be fine. Just follow the recipe as closely as you can and your baby will do great! Good job giving your baby the best formula available!

Q. Does the formula require any changes as my child gets older?

No the formula is designed for use until baby reaches 12 months.

Q. In earlier versions, coconut oil and olive oil took the place of the ghee/sunflower/grapeseed oil. Is this still the case or does the coconut/olive oil not compare to the benefits of using the other three?

If you would like to still use the coconut/olive oil you can, if you add the 1/8 tsp of Grapeseed oil. This will ensure the proper amount of linoleic acid per serving of formula.

Q. Can this recipe be used for toddlers, older than 12 months? I  am looking for an alternative to formula that I can give until my baby is 2-3 years old.

Yes, it can be. Everything in the formula recipe is real food. You will want to keep your doctor in the loop if you choose to continue to feed the recipe to your toddler.

Q. What are your thoughts about using raw goat milk kefir in place of plain goat milk in the formula recipe, for probiotics?

I don’t recommend using raw goat milk (kefir or not) due to contamination concerns. Using a probiotic supplement is a safer way of delivering the beneficial bacteria.

Q. Can I use a substitute for the additional lactose?

Sure. In fact, we have a whole list of acceptable substitutions. Join our private Facebook group to get access to the entire list.

Q. How long do the ingredients in my HGMF Kit keep?

Each item in your kit has an expiration or best by date on each item. Most items are good for at least one year.

Q. 8 ounces of water added or 8 ounces total volume? Or is both ok?

The answer is 8 ounces total volume.

Q. I use your formula to supplement for my five-month-old and I was wondering if I could freeze it like I freeze breast milk?

You sure can! Join our private Facebook group to review our storage guidelines.

Q. What would the measurements be for a 6 ounce bottle?

This is a bit tough to do. Basically, you would need to make each measurement 3/4 (or 75%) of the regular recipe. The most accurate way to get 6 ounces of formula at a time would be to make 24 ounces of formula and then split those 24 ounces into four, 6 ounce bottles.

Q. Why is the nipple clogging!?

First, make sure that you are using hot water to help all the powdered ingredients dissolve. Many people have told me that they like to use a shaker cup with a metal ball, an immersion blender, or a whisk. I even know some ladies who whip out their Vitamix!

Q. My pediatrician isn’t supportive…..HELP!

This can be very tough. Our best advice is, “do your research!” Review our nutrient database and FAQ’s. In the near future we plan to have a short letter (it will be available to our private Facebook members) that you can give to your pediatrician, which will explain the benefits of our HGMF recipe.

Q. What is the advantage of making the Dry Mix Recipe?

In a word; EVERYTHING! Our Dry Mix Recipe makes it so much easier to send your LO to grandma’s house or daycare. It also makes traveling a cinch. All you need is a thermos of hot water and voila! You are in business.

Q. Should I be giving my baby folic acid or methylfolate?

This topic comes up a lot due to current research surrounding the MTHFR gene. It you aren’t familiar with this topic, you can check out this article written by the Wellness Mama.

Q. What is the best bottle to use?

This a matter of personal preference. I have noticed that many families who use our HGMF recipe report that Dr. Brown’s bottles DO NOT work well with our recipe.

Q. Is there a way to make this formula lactose free?

No. However, there a several substitutions that can be made to replace the additional lactose in our recipe. This will drastically reduce the amount of lactose.

Q. Should I introduce the HGMF recipe slowly?

It really depends on your baby. If your LO is experiencing problems with his/her current formula or breastmilk, it may make sense to just switch cold turkey. However, if your LO isn’t experiencing any specific side effects from their current feeding method, a slower transition may be in order.

Q. Where can I get after hours help for HGMF feeding support?

Lori Smith, R.N., NTP, has posted her cell phone number in her private Facebook group. You can contact her at any time for support. If you haven’t joined her group yet, you can do so here.

Q. I accidentally bought non-fat milk, now what?

No problem! You can just double the amount of grass fed goat milk ghee and high oleic Sunflower oil in our recipe and you are good to go!

Q. If I am breastfeeding do I still need to include the once daily    items?

This is totally up to you. I recommend that we provide baby with the most nutrient dense food possible.

Q. What kind of water do you recommend using with this recipe?

Any clean water will do. I recommend using a good water source that doesn’t contain fluoride and is NOT distilled. Distilled water can cause an electrolyte imbalance in your baby.

Q. Can I buy refill items for my HGMF Kit in bulk?

You sure can! We offer our HGMF Refill Bundle which will provide you with about a month’s supply of refill ingredients to supplement your HGMF Kit.

Q. Is there a substitution for grapeseed oil?

Not at this time. Grapeseed oil delivers the essential fatty acid linoleic acid. Baby cannot make this essential fatty acid on their own. You can get more information about the type of fats that we use and why, in this LIVESTREAM video.

Q. My baby requires a formula with an increased calorie count.    Can I still use your HGMF recipe?

Yes! Please contact to discuss your options.

Q. How long will the items in my HGMF Kit last?

It all depends on how much your baby drinks in a day. Here is a guideline to help you plan for your specific needs.





The Science

The goal is easy to understand: Create a homemade goat milk formula recipe that resemble mother’s milk as closely as possible.

Easy to state, hard to accomplish.

In order for a homemade recipe to resemble human breast milk, we first need to know what the nutritional components of human breast milk are. Here is the rub though, we don’t know. Mimicking breast milk is like trying to mimic the weather; it is constantly changing. Continue reading The Science

The Story Behind the Homemade Goat Milk Formula Recipe

liesl presenting at conference with daddyIt has been nearly 6 years since my husband first developed his homemade goat milk infant formula recipe recipe for our 5 month old daughter Liesl. He developed the formula because I was pregnant with our fourth child, Elliana, and could no longer nurse. Liesl had reacted with stomach pain, facial rashes, hives, and colic to every commercially available formula and he was confident that goat milk held the keys to proper health and growth for our baby girl.

Now nearly 6 years old, Liesl is a staple of the Mt. Capra story, adorning the front cover of the catalog and traveling to regional conferences with Joe to spread the word about goat milk magic! Suffice it to say the homemade goat milk formula did a great thing for our little girl.

Continue reading The Story Behind the Homemade Goat Milk Formula Recipe